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Daily Trivia Facts - February 9

Births

1404 - Constantine XI, last Byzantine Emperor (d. 1453)
1533 - Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese warlord and samurai (d. 1611)
1666 - George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)
1748 - Luther Martin, American patriot (d. 1826)
1773 - William Henry Harrison, President of the United States (d. 1841)
1783 - Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (d. 1852)
1800 - Hyrum Smith, American religious leader (d. 1844)
1830 - Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
1834 - Felix Dahn, German author (d. 1912)
1846 - Wilhelm Maybach, German automotive designer and industrialist (d. 1929)
1865 - Mrs. Patrick Campbell, British actress (d. 1940)
1874 - Amy Lowell, American poet (d. 1925)
1885 - Alban Berg, Austrian composer (d. 1935)
1891 - Ronald Colman, English actor (d. 1958)
1892 - Peggy Wood, American actress (d. 1978)
1895 - Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)
1897 - Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, Australian pilot (d. 1935)
1901 - Brian Donlevy, Irish actor (d. 1972)
1901 - James Murray, American actor (d. 1936)
1902 - Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women's leader (d. 1999)
1909 - Heather Angel, British actress (d. 1986)
1909 - Carmen Miranda, Portuguese actress and singer (d. 1955)
1909 - Dean Rusk, United States Secretary of State (d. 1994)
1910 - Jacques Monod, French biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1976)
1914 - Gypsy Rose Lee, American dancer and actress (d. 1970)
1914 - Ernest Tubb, American singer (d. 1984)
1914 - Bill Veeck, baseball executive (d. 1986)
1916 - Tex Hughson, baseball player (d. 1993)
1922 - Kathryn Grayson, American actress
1923 - Brendan Behan, Irish author (d. 1964)
1925 - Burkhard Heim, German physicist (d. 2001)
1926 - Garret FitzGerald, seventh Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland
1928 - Frank Frazetta, American illustrator
1928 - Roger Mudd, American journalist
1930 - Garner Ted Armstrong, American evangelist (d. 2003)
1932 - Gerhard Richter, German painter and graphic artist
1936 - Clive Swift, British actor
1939 - Barry Mann, American singer and songwriter
1939 - Janet Suzman, South African actress
1940 - J. M. Coetzee, South African author, Nobel Prize laureate
1941 - Sheila Kuehl, American actress and politician
1942 - Carole King, American singer and composer
1943 - Joe Pesci, American actor
1943 - Joseph E. Stiglitz, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner
1944 - Alice Walker, American writer
1944 - Derryn Hinch, Australian media personality
1945 - Mia Farrow, American actress
1946 - Séan Neeson, Northern Irish politician
1947 - Carla Del Ponte, UN prosecutor
1949 - Judith Light, American actress
1949 - Jim Sheridan, Irish film director
1952 - Mookie Wilson, baseball player
1953 - Ciarán Hinds, Northern Irish actor
1955 - JM J. Bullock, American actor
1955 - Charles Shaughnessy, British actor
1960 - Holly Johnson, British singer (Frankie Goes To Hollywood)
1961 - John Kruk, baseball player and commentator
1963 - Brian Greene, American physicist
1963 - Travis Tritt, American singer
1966 - Ellen van Langen, Dutch athlete
1967 - Todd Pratt, American baseball player
1969 - Jimmy Smith, American football player
1970 - Glenn McGrath, Australian cricketer
1971 - Sharon Case, American actress
1971 - Johan Mjällby, Swedish footballer
1973 - Svetlana Boginskaya, Soviet gymnast
1974 - Amber Valletta, American supermodel and actress
1976 - Vladimir Guerrero, Dominican Major League Baseball player
1979 - David Gray, English snooker player
1979 - Irina Slutskaya, Russian figure skater
1979 - Mena Suvari, American actress
1979 - Zhang Ziyi, Chinese actress
1981 - John Walker Lindh, American Taliban fighter
1982 - Ami Suzuki, Japanese singer
1985 - David Gallagher, American actor
1996 - Jimmy Bennett, American actor

Deaths

1199 - Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1147)
1450 - Agnès Sorel, mistress of King Charles VII of France (b. 1421)
1555 - Rowland Taylor, English pastor (executed) (b. 1510)
1619 - Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)
1640 - Murad IV, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1612)
1675 - Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
1709 - François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (b. 1664)
1751 - Henri François d'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (b. 1668)
1752 - Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (b. 1722)
1777 - Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (b. 1706)
1782 - Joseph Aloysius Assemani, Syrian orientalist (b. 1710)
1803 - Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French poet (b. 1716)
1881 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (b. 1821)
1891 - Johan Jongkind, Dutch painter (b. 1819)
1906 - Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet (b. 1872)
1940 - Eugene Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1857)
1951 - Eddy Duchin, American musician (b. 1910)
1957 - Miklós Horthy, Hungarian admiral and regent (b. 1868)
1960 - Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (b. 1870)
1966 - Sophie Tucker, Russian-born actress and singer (b. 1884)
1969 - Gabby Hayes, American actor (b. 1885)
1976 - Percy Faith, Canadian musician and composer (b. 1908)
1979 - Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
1981 - Bill Haley, American musician (Bill Haley and the Comets) (b. 1925)
1984 - Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (b. 1914)
1989 - Osamu Tezuka, the godfather of Japanese manga (b. 1928)
1994 - Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1934)
1995 - J. William Fulbright, U.S. Senator (b. 1905)
1999 - Bryan Mosley, British actor (b. 1931)
2001 - Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1916)
2002 - Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom (b. 1930)
2006 - Freddie Laker, British Airline entrepreneur (b. 1922)

Events

474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
1555 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake.
1621 - Gregory XV becomes Pope, the last Pope elected by acclamation.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion.
1788 - The Habsburg Empire joins the Russo-Turkish War in the Russian camp.
1822 - Haiti invades the Dominican Republic.
1825 - After no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States.
1861 - American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected the Provisional President of the Confederate States of America by the Confederate convention at Montgomery, Alabama.
1870 - The U.S. Weather Bureau was established.
1885 - The first Japanese arrive in Hawaii.
1889 - The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
1895 - William G. Morgan invents volleyball.
1900 - Davis Cup competition is established.
1904 - Battle of Port Arthur
1920 - By the terms of the Svalbard Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over arctic archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized.
1922 - Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1934 - The Balkan Entente is formed.
1942 - World War II: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting to discuss American military strategy in the war.
1942 - Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States.
1943 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal: After forcing the remaining Japanese to be evacuated the night before, American authorities declared Guadalcanal secure.
1950 - Red scare: Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States State Department of being filled with Communists.
1960 - Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
1962 - Jamaica becomes independent nation within the Commonwealth of Nations.
1964 - The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a "record-busting" audience of 73 million viewers.
1965 - Vietnam War: The first United States combat troops are sent to South Vietnam.
1969 - First test flight of the Boeing 747.
1971 - The 6.4 on the Richter Scale Sylmar earthquake hits the San Fernando Valley area of California.
1971 - Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to become voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
1971 - Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned moon landing.
1973 - Biju Patnaik of the Pragati Legislature Party elected leader of opposition in the state assembly in Orissa, India.
1975 - The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth.
1986 - Comet Halley reaches perihelion, its closest approach to the sun, during its second visit to the solar system in the 20th century.
1991 - Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.
1994 - Peace plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina announced (so called Vance-Owen peace plan).
1996 - The Irish Republican Army declares the end of its 18 month ceasefire shortly followed by a large bomb in London's Canary Wharf.
2001 - The American submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Ehime-Maru, a Japanese training vessel operated by the Uwajima Fishery High School.

Holidays

Saint Ansbert of Rouen
Saint Maroon's Day - Lebanon
Saint Apollonia, patron saint of dentists and dental technicians
     
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