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Daily Trivia Facts - December 30

Births

39 - Roman Emperor Titus (d. 81)
1204 - Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (d. 1282)
1552 - Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)
1642 - Vicenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (d. 1707)
1673 - Ahmed III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1736)
1678 - William Croft, English composer (d. 1727)
1722 - Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1770)
1724 - Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (d. 1805)
1785 - Dorothea Lieven, Russian noblewoman (d. 1857)
1819 - Theodor Fontane, German writer (d. 1898)
1838 - Émile Loubet, 7th President of France (b.1929)
1865 - Rudyard Kipling, British writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
1869 - Stephen Butler Leacock, British-born writer and economist (d. 1944)
1873 - Al Smith, American politician (d. 1944)
1884 - Hideki Tojo, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1948)
1897 - Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (d. 1976)
1899 - Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (d. 2001)
1904 - Dmitri Kabalevsky, Russian composer (d. 1987)
1906 - Carol Reed, English film director (d. 1976)
1910 - Paul Bowles, American composer and author (d. 1999)
1911 - Jeanette Nolan, American actress (d. 1998)
1913 - Elyne Mitchell, Australian author of children's novels (d. 2002)
1914 - Bert Parks, American television host (d. 1992)
1917 - Seymour Melman, American industrial engineer (d. 2004)
1920 - Jack Lord, American actor (d. 1998)
1928 - Bo Diddley, American singer and musician
1931 - Skeeter Davis, American singer (d. 2004)
1933 - Joseph Bologna, American actor
1934 - John Norris Bahcall, American physicist (d. 2005)
1934 - Joseph P. Hoar, U.S. general
1934 - Del Shannon, American singer (d. 1990)
1934 - Russ Tamblyn, American actor, dancer, and singer
1935 - Omar Bongo, President of Gabon
1935 - Sandy Koufax, baseball player
1937 - Gordon Banks, English footballer
1937 - John Hartford, American musician (d. 2001)
1937 - Jim Marshall, American football player
1937 - Noel Paul Stookey, American singer
1941 - Mel Renfro, American football player
1942 - Vladimir Bukovsky, Russian author and dissident
1942 - Michael Nesmith, American singer and musician (The Monkees)
1942 - Janko Prunk, Slovenian historian for modern history
1942 - Fred Ward, American actor
1945 - Davy Jones, English singer (The Monkees)
1946 - Patti Smith, American singer
1947 - Michael Burns, Ph.D., American actor and history professor
1947 - Jeff Lynne, English singer and musician (ELO)
1951 - Doug Allder, English footballer
1952 - June Anderson, American soprano
1953 - Harald Schmautz, German-Australian journalist and monarchist
1953 - Meredith Vieira, American TV journalist and personality
1956 - Suzy Bogguss, American singer
1957 - Matt Lauer, American newscaster
1959 - Tracey Ullman, English actress and singer
1961 - Douglas Coupland, Canadian author
1961 - Sean Hannity, American talk radio host and conservative political commentator
1961 - Ben Johnson, Canadian athlete
1963 - Chandler Burr, American author
1963 - Michelle Douglas, Canadian human rights activist
1965 - Darrin C. Huss, Canadian musician and singer (Psyche)
1965 - Zoe Kelli Simon, American actress
1969 - Dave England, American television personality
1969 - Jay Kay, English musician and singer (Jamiroquai)
1972 - Kerry Collins, American football player
1973 - Jason Behr, American actor
1973 - Ato Boldon, West Indian athlete
1975 - Tiger Woods, American golfer
1976 - Meredith Monroe, American actress
1976 - Alex A. Quinn, American actor
1976 - A.J. Pierzynski, baseball player
1977 - Kenyon Martin, American basketball player
1978 - Tyrese, American singer
1978 - Zbigniew Robert Promiński Polish Heavy Metal Drummer
1980 - Eliza Dushku, American actress
1982 - Kristin Kreuk, Canadian actress
1984 - LeBron James, American basketball player

Deaths

1218 - Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1162)
1460 - Richard, Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (killed in battle) (b. 1411)
1525 - Jacob Fugger, German banker (b. 1459)
1572 - Galeazzo Alessi, Italian architect (b. 1512)
1573 - Giovanni Battista Giraldi, Italian writer (b. 1504)
1591 - Pope Innocent IX (b. 1519)
1640 - John Regis, French saint (b. 1597)
1644 - Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist (b. 1577)
1662 - Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria (b. 1628)
1691 - Robert Boyle, Irish scientist (b. 1627)
1769 - Nicholas Taaffe, 6th Viscount Taaffe, Austrian soldier (b. 1685)
1803 - Francis Lewis, signer of the American Declaration of Independence (b. 1713)
1896 - José Rizal, national hero of the Philippines (b. 1861)
1941 - El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (b. 1890)
1944 - Romain Rolland, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
1954 - Archduke Eugen of Austria, Austrian field marshal (b. 1863)
1967 - Vincent Massey, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1887)
1968 - Trygve Lie, first United Nations Secretary General (b. 1896)
1970 - Sonny Liston, American boxer (b. 1932)
1971 - Melba Rae, American actress (b. 1922)
1979 - Richard Rodgers, American composer (b. 1902)
1986 - Era Bell Thompson, American journalist (b. 1905)
1988 - Yuli Daniel, Russian writer (b. 1925)
1993 - Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian physicist (b. 1907)
1994 - Dmitri Ivanenko, Russian physicist (b. 1904)
1995 - Doris Grau, American actress (b. 1924)
1996 - Lew Ayres, American actor (b. 1908)
1997 - Shinichi Hoshi, Japanese novelist (b. 1926)
2001 - Eileen Heckart, American actress (b. 1919)
2002 - Mary Wesley, English novelist (b. 1912)
2003 - David Bale, South African-born activist (cancer) (b. 1941)
2003 - John Gregory Dunne, American writer (b. 1932)
2003 - Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer and actress (b. 1963)
2004 - Artie Shaw, American jazz clarinetist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1910)

Events

1460 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield
1816 - The Treaty with the Ottawa, etc. is proclaimed.
1853 - Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate railroad building in the Southwest.
1853 - A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London.
1862 - USS Monitor sinks off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
1879 - The Pirates of Penzance is first performed (Paignton, Devon, England).
1880 - The Transvaal becomes a republic and Paul Kruger, its first president.
1896 - José Rizal was executed by firing squad in Manila.
1897 - Natal annexes Zululand.
1903 - A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, Illinois kills 600.
1905 - Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho.
1919 - Lincoln's Inn in London admits its first female bar student.
1922 - The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is formed.
1924 - Edwin Hubble announces the existence of other galaxies.
1927 - The Ginza Line, the first subway line in Asia, opens in Tokyo.
1936 - The United Auto Workers union stages its first sit-down strike.
1940 - California opens its first freeway, the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
1943 - Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.
1944 - King George II of Greece declares a regency, leaving his throne vacant.
1947 - King Michael of Romania forced to abdicate by the Soviet-backed Communist government of Romania.
1948 - The play Kiss Me, Kate opens for the first of 1,077 performances.
1953 - The first color television sets go on sale for about USD at $1,175 each.
1965 - Ferdinand Marcos becomes President of the Philippines.
1972 - Vietnam War: The US halts heavy bombing of North Vietnam.
1977 - Ted Bundy escapes from his cell in Glenwood Springs, Colorado.
1980 - After 25 years, the longest-running prime-time TV series The Wonderful World of Disney is cancelled by NBC.
1981 - Wayne Gretzky scores his 50th goal in 39 games, still a National Hockey League record.
1993 - Israel and the Vatican establish diplomatic relations.
1995 - The lowest ever UK temperature of -27.2°C was recorded at Altnaharra in the Scottish Highlands. This equalled the record set at Braemar, Aberdeenshire on February 11, 1895 and January 10, 1982.
1996 - In the Indian state of Assam, a passenger train is bombed by Bodo separatists, killing 26.
1996 - Proposed budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu spark protests from 250,000 workers who shut down services across Israel.
1997 - In the worst incident in Algeria's insurgency, the Wilaya of Relizane massacres, 400 people are killed from four villages.
2000 - Rizal Day Bombings: A series of bombs explode in various places in Metro Manila, Philippines within a span of a few hours, killing 22 and injuring about a hundred.
2003 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announces a ban on the sale of dietary supplement ephedra.
2003 - U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft recuses himself and his office from the Plame affair.
2004 - A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina kills 194.
2005 - Tropical Storm Zeta forms in the open Atlantic, tying the record for the latest tropical cyclone ever to form in the North Atlantic basin.

Holidays

The sixth day of Christmas in Western Christianity.
R.C. Saints - Pope Felix I (optional memorial)
Philippines - Rizal Day
     
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