Daily Trivia Facts

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Daily Trivia Facts - December 28

Births

1164 - Emperor Rokujo of Japan (d. 1176)
1522 - Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands (d. 1583)
1619 - Antoine Furetière, French writer (d. 1688)
1655 - Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)
1665 - George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, British general (d. 1716)
1778 - Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
1856 - Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1924)
1866 - Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (d. 1935)
1879 - Billy Mitchell, American military aviation pioneer (d. 1936)
1882 - Arthur Eddington, British astronomer and physicist (d. 1944)
1888 - Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau, German film director (d. 1931)
1898 - Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (b. 1957)
1899 - Eugeniusz Bodo, Polish actor (d. 1943)
1902 - Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (d. 2001)
1902 - Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (d. 1988)
1903 - Earl "Fatha" Hines, American musician (d. 1983)
1903 - John von Neumann, Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 1957)
1905 - Cliff Arquette, American actor and comedian (d. 1974)
1908 - Lew Ayres, American actor (d. 1996)
1922 - Stan Lee, American comic book writer
1924 - Milton Obote, President of Uganda (d. 2005)
1925 - Hildegard Knef, German actress, singer and writer (d. 2002)
1929 - Brian Redhead, British journalist and broadcaster (d. 1994)
1929 - Terry Sawchuk, Canadian hockey player (d. 1970)
1931 - Guy Debord, French writer and filmmaker (d. 1994)
1932 - Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman (d. 2002)
1932 - Manuel Puig, Argentine writer (d. 1990)
1932 - Roy Hattersley, British politician
1933 - Nichelle Nichols, American actress and singer
1934 - Maggie Smith, British actress
1934 - Yujiro Ishihara, Japanese actor (d. 1987)
1937 - Ratan Tata, Indian industrialist
1938 - Charles Neville, American musician (Neville Brothers)
1940 - Don Francisco, Chilean TV host
1943 - Richard Whiteley, British television presenter (d. 2005)
1944 - Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1946 - Edgar Winter, American musician
1947 - Aurelio Rodríguez, Mexican baseball player (d. 2000)
1953 - Richard Clayderman, French pianist
1954 - Denzel Washington, American actor
1956 - Nigel Kennedy, British violinist
1960 - Raymond Bourque, Canadian ice hockey player
1962 - Rachel Z, American jazz pianist
1967 - Chris Ware, American cartoonist
1969 - Linus Torvalds, Finnish computer programmer
1971 - Frank Sepe, American bodybuilder and model
1972 - Patrick Rafter, Australian tennis player
1972 - Adam Vinatieri, American Football player
1978 - John Legend, American singer, songwriter, and pianist
1981 - Sienna Miller, British actress
1982 - Cedric Benson, American football player
1982 - Kevin Pereira, American television host

Deaths

300 - Theonas, Patriarch of Alexandria
1367 - Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (b. 1330)
1446 - Antipope Clement VIII
1503 - Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1471)
1558 - Hermann Finck, German composer (b. 1527)
1622 - Francis de Sales, Bishop of Geneva and saint (b. 1567)
1663 - Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1618)
1671 - Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar (b. 1611)
1694 - Queen Mary II of England (b. 1662)
1703 - Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1664)
1706 - Pierre Bayle, French philosopher (b. 1647)
1708 - Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist (b. 1656)
1715 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)
1734 - Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (b. 1671)
1736 - Antonio Caldara, Italian composer (b. 1670)
1795 - Eugenio Espejo, Ecuadorian scientist (b. 1747)
1829 - Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French scientist (b. 1744)
1859 - Thomas Macaulay, British poet, historian, and politician (b. 1800)
1872 - James Van Ness, Mayor of San Francisco (1855-1856) (b. 1808)
1877 - Nikolai Alekseevich Nekrasov, Russian poet (b. 1821)
1900 - Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer (b. 1846)
1916 - Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (b. 1835)
1918 - Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865)
1919 - Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (b. 1854)
1924 - Léon Bakst, Russian artist (b. 1866)
1937 - Maurice Ravel, French composer (b. 1875)
1938 - Florence Lawrence, American actress (b. 1886)
1945 - Theodore Dreiser, American author (b. 1871)
1947 - King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (b. 1869)
1949 - Jack Lovelock, New Zealand athlete (b. 1910)
1952 - Fletcher Henderson, American musician (b. 1897)
1963 - Paul Hindemith, German composer (b. 1895)
1967 - Katharine McCormick, American women's rights activist (b. 1875)
1976 - Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1903)
1981 - Allan Dwan, Canadian-born film director (b. 1885)
1983 - William Demarest, American actor (b. 1892)
1983 - Jimmy Demaret, American golfer (b. 1910)
1983 - Dennis Wilson, American musician (The Beach Boys) (b. 1944)
1984 - Sam Peckinpah, American film director (b. 1925)
1986 - Andrei Tarkovsky, Russian film director (b. 1932)
1989 - Hermann Oberth, German physicist (b. 1894)
1991 - Cassandra Harris, Australian actress (b. 1952)
1998 - Claudia Benton, Peruvian child psychologist (b. 1959)
1999 - Clayton Moore, American actor (b. 1914)
2001 - William X. Kienzle, American novelist (b. 1928)
2003 - Benjamin Hacker, U.S. admiral (b. 1935)
2004 - Jerry Orbach, American actor (b. 1935)
2004 - Susan Sontag, American writer and activist (b. 1933)

Events

418 - St. Boniface I becomes Pope.
1065 - Westminster Abbey is consecrated.
1308 - The reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan, begins.
1612 - Galileo Galilei becomes the first astronomer to observe the planet Neptune when it was in conjunction with Jupiter, yet he mistakenly catalogued it as a fixed star because of its extremely slow motion along the ecliptic at that time. Neptune was not truly discovered until 1846, about 234 years after Galileo first sighted it with his telescope.
1832 - John C. Calhoun becomes the first Vice President of the United States to resign.
1835 - Osceola led his Seminole warriors in Florida into the Second Seminole War against the U.S. Army.
1836 - South Australia and Adelaide are founded.
1836 - Spain recognizes independence of Mexico.
1846 - Iowa is admitted as the 29th U.S. state.
1869 - William E. Semple of Mt. Vernon, Ohio patents chewing gum.
1879 - The Tay Bridge Disaster: The central part of the Tay Rail Bridge in Dundee, Scotland collapses as a train passed over it, killing 75.
1895 - The Lumière brothers have their first paying audience at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines marking the debut of the cinema.
1897 - The play Cyrano de Bergerac, by Edmond Rostand, premieres in Paris.
1902 - The first indoor professional American football game is played in New York City at Madison Square Garden.
1908 - An earthquake rocks Messina, Sicily killing over 75,000.
1928 - The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco.
1945 - The U.S. Congress officially recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance.
1950 - The Peak District becomes the United Kingdom's first National Park.
1968 - Israeli commando troops destroy 13 civilian aircraft at Beirut International Airport.
1974 - Senegalese marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress.
1981 - The first American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, is born in Norfolk, Virginia.
1981 - The HBO pay cable television service expanded its schedule offering to 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
1989 - A magnitude 5.6 earthquake hits Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, killing 13 people.
1995 - CompuServe sets a precedent by blocking access to sex-oriented newsgroups after being pressured by German prosecutors.
1999 - Saparmurat Niyazov is proclaimed President for Life in Turkmenistan.
2000 - U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years.
2005 - A U.S. immigration judge orders John Demjanjuk deported to the Ukraine for crimes against humanity committed during World War II.

Holidays

Calendar of Saints - Feast of the Holy Innocents, a.k.a. Childermas, commemorating the Massacre of the Innocents on order of king Herod the Great. In Spain and Latin American countries the festival is celebrated in a manner similar to April Fool's Day.
The third day of Christmas in Western Christianity.
     
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