Daily Trivia Facts

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Daily Trivia Facts - February 21

Births

1484 - Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg (d. 1535)
1556 - Sethus Calvisius, German calendar reformer (d. 1615)
1621 - Rebecca Nurse, American accused witch (d. 1692)
1675 - Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
1688 - Queen Ulrike Eleonora of Sweden (d. 1741)
1705 - Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (d. 1781)
1721 - John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware (d. 1796)
1723 - Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (d. 1808)
1728 - Tsar Peter III of Russia, husband of Catherine the Great (d. 1762)
1791 - Carl Czerny, Austrian composer (d. 1857)
1801 - John Henry Newman, English Catholic cardinal (d. 1890)
1821 - Charles Scribner, American publisher (d. 1871)
1836 - Léo Delibes, French composer (d. 1891)
1844 - Charles-Marie Widor, French organist and composer (d. 1937)
1865 - John Haden Badley, English author and school founder (d. 1967)
1867 - Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (d. 1934)
1876 - Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
1880 - Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
1885 - Sacha Guitry, Russian dramatist, writer, director, and actor (d. 1957)
1893 - Celia Lovsky, Russian-born actress (d. 1979)
1893 - Andrés Segovia, Spanish guitarist (d. 1987)
1895 - Carl Peter Henrik Dam Danish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1976)
1903 - Fairfax M. Cone, American advertising executive (d. 1977)
1903 - Anaïs Nin, French writer (d. 1977)
1907 - W. H. Auden, English poet (d. 1973)
1910 - Douglas Bader, British pilot (d. 1982)
1910 - Carmine Galante, Italian-born gangster (d. 1979)
1910 - Eddie Waring, British sports commentator (d. 1986)
1915 - Ann Sheridan, American actress (d. 1967)
1917 - Lucille Bremer, American actress (d. 1996)
1924 - Robert Mugabe first President of Zimbabwe
1925 - Sam Peckinpah, American director (d. 1984)
1927 - Erma Bombeck, American humorist (d. 1996)
1927 - Hubert de Givenchy, French fashion designer
1929 - Roberto "Chespirito" Carlos Bolanõs, Mexican actor, writer, comedian, and songwriter
1933 - Nina Simone, American singer (d. 2003)
1934 - Rue McClanahan, American actress
1936 - Barbara Jordan, American politician (d. 1996)
1937 - King Harald V of Norway
1937 - Gary Lockwood, American actor
1940 - John Lewis, American politician
1941 - James Wong, Hong Kong composer (d. 2004)
1942 - Margarethe von Trotta, German actor, film director, and writer
1943 - David Geffen, American record producer
1946 - Tyne Daly, American actress
1946 - Anthony Daniels, British actor
1946 - Alan Rickman, English actor
1947 - Olympia Snowe, American politician
1947 - Victor Sokolov, Russian dissident journalist and priest (d. 2006)
1949 - Jerry Harrison, American musician (Talking Heads)
1951 - Vince Welnick, musician, keyboardist (The Grateful Dead)
1953 - Christine Ebersole, American actress
1953 - William Petersen, American actor
1955 - Sir Steven Fayburgh, British diplomat
1955 - Kelsey Grammer, American actor
1958 - Jake Burns, Irish singer (Stiff Little Fingers}
1958 - Mary Chapin Carpenter, American singer
1958 - Alan Trammell, baseball player and manager
1961 - Davey Allison, American race car driver (d. 1993)
1961 - Christopher Atkins, American actor
1961 - Martha Hackett, American actress
1961 - Chuck Palahniuk, American writer
1962 - Jim Starr, American Gladiator "Laser"
1962 - Vanessa Feltz, British television presenter
1962 - David Foster Wallace, American writer
1963 - William Baldwin, American actor
1967 - Leroy Burrell, American runner
1969 - Eric Wilson, American musician (Sublime)
1969 - James Dean Bradfield, Welsh musician (Manic Street Preachers)
1970 - Michael Slater, Australian cricketer
1972 - Seo Taiji, Korean musician
1974 - Ivan Campo, Spanish footballer
1974 - Roberto Heras, Spanish cyclist
1975 - Affirmed, American race horse (d. 2001)
1976 - Ryan Smyth, Canadian hockey player
1977 - Steve Francis, American basketball player
1977 - Kevin Rose, American television host
1979 - Pascal Chimbonda, French footballer
1979 - Carly Colon, Puerto Rican professional wrestler
1979 - Lonnie Ford, American football player
1979 - Jennifer Love Hewitt, American actress and singer
1983 - Braylon Edwards, American football player
1984 - Andrew Ellis, New Zealand rugby union player
1986 - Charlotte Church, Welsh soprano
1987 - Anthony Walker, British student, hate crime murder victim (d. 2005)
1987 - Ellen Page, Canadian Actress

Deaths

1437 - King James I of Scotland (b. 1394)
1471 - John of Rokycan, Czech Catholic archbishop
1513 - Pope Julius II (b. 1443)
1543 - Ahmed Gragn, Sultan of Adal
1554 - Hieronymus Bock, German botanist
1595 - Robert Southwell, English poet
1668 - John Thurloe, English Puritan spy (b. 1616)
1677 - Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (b. 1632)
1715 - Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (b. 1637)
1788 - Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (b. 1723)
1824 - Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Napoleon's wife, Josephine (b. 1781)
1846 - Emperor Ninko of Japan, (b. 1800)
1862 - Justinus Kerner, German poet (b. 1786)
1901 - George Francis FitzGerald, Irish mathematician (b. 1851)
1926 - Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
1938 - George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (b. 1868)
1941 - Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1891)
1944 - Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian-born race car driver (b. 1873)
1945 - Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (b. 1902)
1965 - Malcolm X, American black activist (b. 1925)
1967 - Charles Beaumont, American writer (b. 1929)
1968 - Howard Walter Florey, Australian-born pharmocologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1898)
1972 - Bronislava Nijinska, Polish-Russian ballet dancer (b. 1891)
1974 - Tim Horton, Canadian hockey player (b. 1905)
1984 - Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
1991 - Dame Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (b. 1919)
1994 - Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician (b. 1948)
1996 - Morton Gould, American composer (b. 1913)
1999 - Gertrude B. Elion, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1918)
2002 - John Thaw, English actor (b. 1942)
2002 - Harold Furth, Austrian-born physicist (b. 1939)
2004 - John Charles, Welsh footballer (b. 1931)
2004 - Guido Molinari, Canadian artist (b. 1933)
2005 - Ara Berberian, American opera singer (b. 1930)
2005 - Guillermo Cabrera Infante, Cuban novelist (b. 1929)
2005 - Eugene Scott, American religious broadcaster (b. 1929)

Events

362 - Athanasius returns to Alexandria.
1440 - The Prussian Confederation is formed.
1543 - Battle of Wayna Daga - A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated a Muslim army led by Ahmed Gragn.
1613 - Mikhail I is elected unanimously as Tsar by a national assembly, beginning the Romanov dynasty of Imperial Russia .
1743 - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handel's oratorio, "Samson".
1804 - The first self-propelling steam locomotive makes its outing at the Pen-y-Darren ironworks in Wales.
1842 - John J. Greenough patents the sewing machine.
1848 - Karl Marx publishes the Communist Manifesto.
1874 - The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first newspaper.
1875 - Jeanne Calment was born, going on to live for 122 years 164 days, the longest confirmed lifespan for any human being in history.
1878 - The first telephone book is issued in New Haven, Connecticut.
1885 - The newly completed Washington Monument is dedicated.
1893 - Thomas Edison receives two U.S. patents for a "Cut Out for Incandescent Electric Lamps" and for a "Stop Device"
1916 - World War I: In France the Battle of Verdun begins.
1925 - The New Yorker publishes its first issue.
1937 - Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
1937 - The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
1947 - In New York City Edwin Land demonstrates the first "instant camera", the Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America.
1948 - NASCAR is incorporated.
1952 - Language Martyrs' Day, marking language-revolution in the then East Pakistan (currently, the independent state of People's Republic of Bangladesh).
1952 - The government of Winston Churchill abolishes Identity Cards in the UK to "set the people free".
1952 - In East Pakistan (Present Bangladesh) Police opened fire on a procession of students, who demended to establish Bangla as the State Language, killing four people and starting a country-wide protest which led to the independence of Bangladesh in 1971. 21st February was later declared as "International Mother Language Day" by UNESCO.
1953 - Francis Crick and James D. Watson discover the structure of the DNA molecule.
1960 - Cuban leader Fidel Castro nationalizes all businesses in Cuba.
1965 - Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam.
1970 - Swissair Flight 330: A mid-air bomb explosion and subsequent crash kills 38 passengers and nine crew members near Zürich, Switzerland.
1971 - The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna.
1972 - President Richard Nixon visits the People's Republic of China to normalize Sino-American relations.
1972 - The Soviet unmanned spaceship Luna 20 lands on the Moon.
1973 - Over the Sinai Desert, Israeli fighter aircraft shoot down a Libyan Airlines jet killing 108.
1974 - The long-running Japanese comic strip "Sazae-san" publishes its final installment in the Asahi Shimbun.
1974 - The last Israeli soldiers leave the west bank of the Suez Canal in carrying out a truce with Egypt.
1975 - Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are sentenced to prison.
1981 - Charles Rocket, portraying the gunshot victim in a Saturday Night Live parody of the "Who Shot J.R." plot on the program Dallas, said, "I'd like to know who the fuck did it," during the live feed of the "goodnights" segment. Afterward, everyone except Eddie Murphy and Joe Piscopo was fired.
1986 - Nintendo released The Legend of Zelda for the Famicom in Japan.
1986 - Metallica released their 3rd album Master of Puppets.
1988 - Jimmy Swaggart, on his own televangelism program being taped in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, confesses that he is guilty of an unspecified sin and will be temporarily leaving the pulpit.
1995 - Serkadji prison mutiny in Algeria; 4 guards and 96 prisoners killed in a day and a half.
1995 - Steve Fossett lands in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.
2000 - David Letterman returns to The Late Show over a month after having an emergency quintuple heart bypass surgery.
2003 - Over 100 concert goers in Rhode Island die in a fire during a performance of the rock band Great White.
2004 - The first European political party organization, the European Greens, is established in Rome.
2006 - New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg unveils a brand new sign on the corner of West 66th Street called Peter Jennings Way in honor of the late ABC News anchor Peter Jennings.

Holidays

Language Martyrs' Day - A day celebrated by Bengali speaking people for gaining right of mother tongue.
International Mother Language Day (UNESCO).
Catholicism - Feast day of Saint Peter Damiani.
Saint Pepin of Landen
Saint Randoald
     
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