Daily Trivia Facts

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Daily Trivia Facts - February 19

Births

1473 - Nicolaus Copernicus, mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543)
1526 - Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
1552 - Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (d. 1630)
1630 - Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire (d. 1680)
1660 - Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
1717 - David Garrick, British actor (d. 1779)
1722 - Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (d. 1774)
1743 - Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer (d. 1805)
1802 - Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
1804 - Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
1804 - David Wark, Canadian politician and Senator (d. 1905)
1821 - August Schleicher, German linguist (d. 1868)
1833 - Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist and activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1906)
1859 - Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1927)
1865 - Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer (d. 1952)
1876 - Constantin Brancusi, Romanian sculptor (d. 1957)
1877 - Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
1888 - José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (d. 1928)
1893 - Sir Cedric Hardwicke, British actor (d. 1964)
1895 - Louis Calhern, American actor (d. 1956)
1899 - Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (d. 1960)
1900 - Giorgos Seferis, Greek writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
1902 - Kay Boyle, American writer (d. 1992)
1904 - Havank, Dutch writer (d. 1964)
1911 - Merle Oberon, British actress (d. 1979)
1912 - Stan Kenton, American musician (d. 1979)
1914 - Jacques Dufilho, French comedian and actor (d. 2005)
1916 - Eddie Arcaro, American jockey (d. 1997)
1917 - Carson McCullers, American author (d. 1967)
1920 - Jaan Kross, Estonian writer
1920 - George Rose, British music hall entertainer (d. 1988)
1924 - David Bronstein, Ukrainian chess player
1924 - Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)
1930 - John Frankenheimer, American film director (d. 2002)
1936 - Marin Sorescu, Romanian poet, writer and novelist (d. 1997)
1940 - Smokey Robinson, American musician
1940 - Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan
1941 - David Gross, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1942 - Paul Krause, American football player
1943 - Lou Christie, American singer
1943 - Tim Hunt, British biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1945 - Michael Nader, American actor
1946 - Karen Silkwood, American activist (d. 1974)
1948 - Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
1948 - Tony Iommi, British musician (Black Sabbath)
1949 - Dan Bunten, American software developer (d. 1998)
1950 - Andy Powell, British Musician
1951 - Stephen Nichols, American actor
1951 - Tahir-ul-Qadri, Pakastani Islamic scholar
1952 - Amy Tan, American novelist
1953 - Massimo Troisi, Italian actor (d. 1994)
1954 - Socrates, Brazilian footballer
1955 - Jeff Daniels, American actor
1956 - Roderick MacKinnon, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1957 - Falco, Austrian singer (d. 1998)
1957 - Ray Winstone, British actor
1960 - Andrew, Duke of York
1962 - Hana Mandlikova, Czech tennis player
1963 - Seal, British singer
1964 - Dmitri Lipskerov, Russian writer
1966 - Justine Bateman, American actress
1966 - Paul Haarhuis, Dutch tennis player
1967 - Benicio Del Toro, Puerto Rican actor
1969 - Burton C. Bell, American vocalist (Fear Factory)
1979 - Mariska, Finnish female rapper
1979 - Clinton Morrison, Irish International footballer.
1983 - Vitas, Russian singer
1983 - Mika Nakashima, Japanese singer and actress
1985 - Haylie Duff, American singer and actress
1986 - Reon Kadena, Japanese model and actress
1986 - Maria Mena, Norwegian singer
1986 - Judith Bingham, American singer/songwriter
1993 - Victoria Justice, American actress

Deaths

197 - Clodius Albinus, Roman governor of Britain
1133 - Irene Ducaena, wife of Alexius I Comnenus (b. 1066)
1553 - Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1511)
1605 - Orazio Vecchi, Italian composer (b. 1550)
1602 - Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (b. 1558)
1620 - Roemer Visscher, Dutch writer (b. 1547)
1622 - Henry Savile, English educator (b. 1549)
1653 - Luigi de Rossi, Italian composer (b. 1597)
1663 - Adam Adami, German bishop and diplomat (b. 1603)
1670 - King Frederick III of Denmark (b. 1609)
1672 - Charles Chauncy, English-born president of Harvard College (b. 1592)
1709 - Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (b. 1646)
1716 - Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (b. 1634)
1789 - Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (b. 1738)
1799 - Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
1806 - Elizabeth Carter, English writer (b. 1717)
1837 - Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
1873 - Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1837)
1887 - Multatuli, Dutch writer (b. 1820)
1897 - Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (b. 1815)
1916 - Ernst Mach, Austrian-Czech physicist and philosopher (b. 1838)
1927 - Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (b. 1847)
1936 - Billy Mitchell, American general and military aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
1936 - Max Schreck, German actor (b. 1879)
1936 - Charles Harding Firth, British historian (b. 1857)
1942 - Frank Abbandando, American gangster (executed) (b. 1910)
1951 - André Gide, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
1952 - Knut Hamsun, Norwegian author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
1969 - Madge Blake, American actress (b. 1899)
1972 - John Grierson, Scottish documentary filmmaker (b. 1898)
1972 - Tedd Pierce, American animator (b. 1906)
1973 - Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (b. 1892)
1975 - Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (b. 1904)
1980 - Bon Scott, Australian musician (AC/DC) (b. 1946)
1983 - Alice White, American film actress (b. 1904)
1986 - Adolfo Celi, Italian actor (b. 1922)
1988 - André Frédéric Cournand, French-born physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
1994 - Derek Jarman, British Film Director (b. 1942)
1996 - Charles O. Finley, American sports entrepreneur (b. 1918)
1997 - Deng Xiaoping, Chinese Communist leader and revolutionary (b. 1904)
1997 - Leo Rosten, American Yiddish writer and humorist (b. 1908)
1998 - Grandpa Jones, American banjo player and comedian (b. 1913)
1999 - Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite leader (assassinated)
2000 - Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist (b. 1928)
2001 - Priscilla Davis, American socialite (b. 1942)
2001 - Stanley Kramer, American director (b. 1913)
2003 - Johnny Paycheck, American singer (b. 1938)

Events

197 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies.
607 - Boniface III becomes Pope.
1594 - Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
1600 - The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina exploded in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
1674 - England and the Netherlands sign the Peace of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, which renamed it New York.
1807 - In Alabama, Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason.
1819 - British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
1846 - In Austin, Texas the newly-formed Texas state government is officially installed. The Republic of Texas government officially transfers power to the State of Texas government following Texas' annexation by the United States.
1847 - The Donner Party is rescued. It is noted that some of the survivors seem to be remarkably well-fed considering their ordeal.
1852 - The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
1861 - Serfdom is abolished in Russia.
1878 - The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison.
1881 - Kansas became the first U.S. state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
1913 - Prizes are included in Cracker Jack candy boxes for the first time.
1915 - World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli began.
1937 - During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades. The Italian security guard fire into the crowd of Ethiopian onlookers, and over the passing weeks indiscriminately slaughter native Ethiopians in reprisal.
1941 - World War II: The Afrika Korps, the corps-level headquarters controlling the German Panzer divisions in North Africa, was formed.
1942 - World War II: nearly 250 Japanese warplanes attack the northern Australian city of Darwin killing anywhere from 243 to 1100 people.
1942 - World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to Japanese internment camps.
1943 - World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia begins.
1945 - World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima - about 30,000 United States Marines land on Iwo Jima.
1949 - Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.
1953 - Censorship: Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
1959 - The United Kingdom grants Cyprus its independence, which is then on formally proclaimed on August 16, 1960.
1964 - Paul Simon writes "The Sounds of Silence," the song which, in a year and a half, will catapult him and Art Garfunkel to stardom as Simon & Garfunkel.
1980 - Bon Scott (Ronald Belford Scott), lead singer of AC/DC, dies after a night of heavy drinking.
1985 - Artificial heart patient William J. Schroeder becomes the first such patient to leave hospital.
1985 - A Spanish Boeing 747 crashes into Mount Oiz in Spain, killing 148.
1985 - EastEnders first airs on televisions across the United Kingdom, on the first night of a major ident change for BBC1.
1986 - The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station.
1986 - After waiting 37 years, the United States Senate approves a treaty outlawing genocide.
1999 - Dennis Franz receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
2001 - A Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
2002 - NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
2004 - Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a "lifetime of service to humanity."
2006 - The Rolling Stones made the largest show open to the public of the world in Copacabana beach, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 1.3 million people went to the show.

Holidays

Chaoflux (Discordianism)
Astrology: First day of sun sign Pisces
Astrology: Can also be last day of sun sign Aquarius depending on the time of birth and the astrologer's viewpoint.
     
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