Daily Trivia Facts

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Daily Trivia Facts - February 18

Births

1486 - Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint, bhakti yoga developer
1516 - Queen Mary I of England (d. 1558)
1530 - Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1578)
1559 - Isaac Casaubon, French classical scholar (d. 1614)
1602 - Per Brahe (the younger), Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1680)
1609 - Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, English statesman and historian (d. 1674)
1635 - Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1680)
1642 - Marie Champmeslé, French actress (d. 1698)
1658 - Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (d. 1743)
1745 - Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist (d. 1827)
1835 - César Cui, Lithuanian composer (d. 1918)
1838 - Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist and philosopher (d. 1916)
1846 - Wilson Barrett, English actor and playwright (d. 1904)
1848 - Louis Comfort Tiffany, American glass artist (d. 1933)
1849 - Alexander Kielland, Norwegian author (d. 1906)
1859 - Sholom Aleichem, Russian Yiddish humorist and author (d. 1916)
1871 - Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
1883 - Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek writer (d. 1957)
1884 - Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
1890 - Edward Arnold, American actor (d. 1956)
1890 - Adolphe Menjou, American actor (d. 1963)
1892 - Wendell Willkie, U.S. Presidential candidate (d. 1944)
1896 - Andre Breton, French writer (d. 1966)
1898 - Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver and manufacturer (d. 1988)
1898 - Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (d. 1980)
1901 - Reginald Sheffield, British actor (d. 1957)
1903 - Nikolai Podgorny, President of the Soviet Union (d. 1983)
1905 - Jan Gies, Dutch resistance fighter (d. 1993)
1906 - Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician (d. 1980)
1909 - Wallace Stegner, American writer (d. 1993)
1915 - Phyllis Calvert, British actress (d. 2002)
1919 - Jack Palance, American actor
1920 - Bill Cullen, American game show host (d. 1990)
1920 - Eric Gairy, Grenadan politician (d. 1997)
1922 - Helen Gurley Brown, American editor and publisher
1922 - Allan Melvin, American actor
1924 - Humberto Fernández Morán, Venezuelan scientist, inventor of diamond scalpel (d. 1999)
1925 - George Kennedy, American actor
1927 - John Warner, U.S. Senator
1929 - Len Deighton, British author
1930 - Gahan Wilson, American cartoonist
1931 - Johnny Hart, American cartoonist
1931 - Toni Morrison, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate
1931 - Bob St. Clair, American football player
1932 - Miloš Forman, Czech film director
1933 - Yoko Ono, Japanese-born singer, artist, and wife of John Lennon
1933 - Bobby Robson, English football manager
1933 - Mary Ure, Scottish actress (d. 1975)
1936 - Jean Auel, American writer
1938 - István Szabó, Hungarian film director
1943 - Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian, and actor
1944 - Pat Bowlen, owner of the Denver Broncos
1945 - Judy Rankin, American golfer
1947 - Dennis DeYoung, vocalist pianist/keyboardist of STYX
1947 - Princess Christina of the Netherlands
1947 - Carlos Lopes, Portuguese Olympic athlete
1948 - Sinéad Cusack, Irish actress
1949 - Gary Ridgway, American serial killer
1950 - John Hughes, American director, producer, and writer
1950 - Cybill Shepherd, American actress
1951 - Isabel Preysler, Spanish former model, journalist and a fashion designer
1952 - Maurice Lucas, American basketball player
1952 - Juice Newton, American country singer
1953 - Robbie Bachman, Canadian drummer (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)
1954 - John Travolta, American actor
1956 - Ted Gärdestad, Swedish singer (d. 1997)
1957 - Marita Koch, German athlete
1957 - Vanna White, American game show presenter
1960 - Greta Scacchi, Australian actress
1962 - Julie Strain, American actress
1964 - Matt Dillon, American actor
1965 - Dr. Dre, American rapper and record producer
1967 - Roberto Baggio, Italian footballer
1968 - Molly Ringwald, American actress
1969 - Alexander Mogilny, Russian ice hockey player
1970 - Raine Maida, Canadian rock musician (Our Lady Peace)
1970 - Susan Egan, American musical actress
1973 - Claude Makelele, French footballer
1974 - Jamey Carroll, baseball player
1975 - Keith Gillespie, Northern Irish footballer
1975 - Gary Neville, English footballer (Manchester United)
1978 - Josip Simunic, Croatian footballer
1980 - Regina Spektor, Russian-born American singer-songwriter
1981 - Andrei Kirilenko, Russian basketball player
1981 - Geoff Cook, future WSOP champion
1981 - Buddy Nielsen, American singer (Senses Fail)
1981 - Ivan Sproule, Northern Irish footballer
1982 - Juelz Santana, American rapper
1983 - Jermaine Jenas, English footballer
1985 - Lee Boyd Malvo, American serial killer
1985 - Anton Ferdinand, English footballer

Deaths

806 - Tarasius, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1866)
814 - Angilbert, Frankish monk and confidant of Charlemagne
901 - Thabit ibn Qurra, Arab astronomer and mathematician (b. 826)
999 - Pope Gregory V
1139 - Prince Yaropolk II of Kiev (b. 1082)
1294 - Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire (b. 1215)
1379 - Albert II of Mecklenburg
1405 - Tamerlane of the Mongol Empire
1455 - Fra Angelico, Italian artist (b. 1395)
1478 - George, Duke of Clarence, brother of Edward IV and Richard III of England (executed) (b. 1449)
1535 - Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, astrologer and alchemist (b. 1486)
1546 - Martin Luther, German religious reformer (b. 1483)
1564 - Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian artist (b. 1475)
1583 - Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (b. 1503)
1654 - Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac, French writer (b. 1594)
1683 - Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (b. 1620)
1712 - Louis, Duke of Burgundy, heir to the throne of France (b. 1682)
1718 - Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (b. 1663)
1743 - Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
1748 - Otto Ferdinand Graf von Abensperg und Traun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1677)
1772 - Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (b. 1712)
1778 - Joseph Marie Terray, French statesman (b. 1715)
1780 - Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1714)
1788 - John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (b. 1713)
1803 - Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim, German poet (b. 1719)
1931 - Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (b. 1879)
1933 - James J. Corbett, American boxer (b. 1866)
1938 - David King Udall, American politician (b. 1851)
1942 - Albert Payson Terhune, American author (b. 1872)
1945 - Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (b. 1906)
1956 - Gustave Charpentier, French composer (b. 1860)
1957 - Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (b. 1877)
1966 - Robert Rossen, American screenwriter, producer, and director (d. 1908
1967 - J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1904)
1973 - Frank Costello, Italian-born gangster (b. 1891)
1977 - Andy Devine, American actor (b. 1905)
1978 - Maggie McNamara, American actress (b. 1928)
1981 - John Knudsen Northrop, American aircraft designer (b. 1895)
1982 - Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand author (b. 1895)
1993 - Kerry Von Erich, American professional wrestler (b. 1960)
1993 - Jacqueline Hill, British actress (b. 1929)
1997 - Emily Hahn, American writer (b. 1905)
1998 - Harry Caray, baseball broadcaster (b. 1914)
1999 - Noam Pitlik, American actor and director (b. 1932)
2001 - Balthus, French-Polish painter (b. 1908)
2001 - Charles Trenet, French singer (b. 1913)
2001 - Dale Earnhardt, American race car driver (b. 1951)
2001 - Eddie Mathews, baseball player (b. 1931)
2003 - Isser Harel, Israeli Mossad leader (b. 1912)
2004 - Jean Rouch, French filmmaker and ethnologist (b. 1917)
2006 - Richard Bright, American actor (b. 1937)

Events

3102 BC - Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga- Lord Krishna is believed by Hare Krishnas and Hindus to have left the planet on this day.
1229 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.
1332 (or 1329) - Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
1478 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London.
1685 - Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France's claim to Texas.
1797 - Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.
1814 - Battle of Montereau occurs.
1841 - The first ongoing filibuster in the United States Senate begins and lasts until March 11.
1856 - The American Party (Know-Nothings) convene in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate their first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.
1861 - In Montgomery, Alabama, Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
1861 - With the Italian unification almost complete, King Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumes the title of King of Italy.
1865 - In the U.S., Delaware voters reject the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and vote to continue the practice of slavery. (Delaware finally ratifies the amendment on February 12, 1901.)
1878 - The Lincoln County War begins in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
1885 - Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published for the first time.
1911 - The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
1913 - Raymond Poincaré becomes President of France.
1929 - First Academy Awards are announced.
1930 - While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
1930 - Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in an airplane and also the first cow to be milked in an airplane.
1932 - The Empire of Japan declares Manzhouguo (obsolete Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from China.
1943 - The Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
1943 - Joseph Goebbels delivers the Sportpalast speech.
1948 - Eamon de Valera resigns as Taoiseach of Ireland.
1953 - The first 3D film, Bwana Devil, opens.
1953 - Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz sign an $8,000,000 contract to continue the I Love Lucy television series through 1955.
1965 - The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1970 - The Chicago Eight are found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic Party national convention.
1972 - The California Supreme Court invalidates the state's death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death row inmates to life in prison.
1977 - The Space Shuttle Enterprise test vehicle goes on its maiden "flight" while sitting on top of a Boeing 747.
1983 - Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee Massacre in Seattle, Washington, said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in American history.
1991 - The IRA explodes bombs in the early morning at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.
1998 - Two white separatists are arrested in Nevada and accused of plotting a biological attack on New York City subways.
2001 - NASCAR legend Ralph Dale Earnhardt is killed in a crash during the last lap of the Daytona 500
2003 - Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea
2004 - Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur in Iran when a run-away freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertiliser catches fire and explodes.
2005 - The United Kingdom law banning fox hunting, hare coursing and other sports which kill wild mammals is enforced from this date.

Holidays

Independence Day in The Gambia (1965)
     
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