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Daily Trivia Facts - January 14

Births

1451 - Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer (d. 1522)
1477 - Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (d. 1552)
1551 - Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (d. 1608)
1615 - John Biddle, English theologian (d. 1662)
1684 - Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter (d. 1745)
1702 - Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (d. 1737)
1705 - Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, French governor of the Mascarene Islands (d. 1786)
1741 - Benedict Arnold, American general and traitor (d. 1801)
1792 - Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (d. 1865)
1798 - Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, Dutch politician (d. 1872)
1800 - Ludwig Alois Ferdinand Köchel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1877)
1818 - Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (d. 1898)
1836 - Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (d. 1904)
1841 - Berthe Morisot, French painter (d. 1895)
1850 - Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
1861 - Mehmed VI, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1926)
1875 - Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician, missionary, and musician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1965)
1886 - Hugh Lofting, English author (d. 1947)
1889 - Ema Puksec, Croatian singer (b. 1834)
1892 - Hal Roach, American film producer (d. 1992)
1896 - John Dos Passos, American author (d. 1970)
1896 - Martin Niemöller, German theologian and pacifist (d. 1984)
1904 - Emily Hahn, American writer (d. 1997)
1905 - Cecil Beaton, English photographer (d. 1980)
1906 - William Bendix, American actor (d. 1964)
1908 - Russ Columbo, American singer, bandleader, and composer (d. 1934)
1914 - Harold Russell, Canadian-born actor (d. 2002)
1915 - Mark Goodson, American game show producer (d. 1992)
1919 - Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician
1919 - Andy Rooney, American journalist
1924 - Guy Williams, American actor (d. 2002)
1925 - Yukio Mishima, Japanese writer (d. 1970)
1926 - Tom Tryon, American actor and novelist (d. 1991)
1932 - Don Garlits, American race car driver
1933 - Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (d. 2003)
1934 - Richard Briers, English actor
1937 - Ken Higgs, English cricketer
1938 - Jack Jones, American singer and actor
1938 - Allen Toussaint, American singer
1940 - Julian Bond, American civil rights activist
1941 - Faye Dunaway, American actress
1941 - Milan Kučan, Slovenian statesman
1943 - Shannon Lucid, astronaut
1944 - Marjoe Gortner, American evangelist and actor
1944 - Nina Totenberg, American journalist
1946 - Harold Shipman, British serial killer (d. 2004)
1947 - Bill Werbeniuk, Canadian snooker player (d. 2003)
1948 - T-Bone Burnett, American producer and musician
1948 - Carl Weathers, American actor
1949 - Lawrence Kasdan, American director and screenwriter
1950 - Marco Antonio da Silva Ramos, Brazilian Choral Conductor and Composer
1952 - Sydney Biddle Barrows, American author
1952 - Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, Prime Minister of Romania
1954 - Jim Duggan, American professional wrestler
1956 - Ben Heppner, Canadian tenor
1957 - Suzanne Danielle, English actress
1959 - Geoff Tate, American musician (Queensrÿche)
1962 - Michael McCaul, American politician
1963 - Steven Soderbergh, American director
1964 - Shepard Smith, American news anchor
1965 - Marc Delissen, Dutch field hockey player
1965 - Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, British chef
1967 - Kerri Green, American actress
1967 - Emily Watson, English actress
1967 - Zakk Wylde, American musician (Black Label Society)
1968 - LL Cool J, American rapper and actor
1969 - Jason Bateman, American actor
1969 - David Grohl, American drummer and composer
1970 - Gene Snitsky, American professional wrestler
1971 - Lasse Kjus, Norwegian skier
1972 - Predrag Gosta, Yugoslav-born conductor, musicologist, and harpsichordist
1972 - Kyle Brady, American football player
1973 - Giancarlo Fisichella, Italian race car driver
1979 - Karen Elson, British supermodel
1979 - Angela Lindvall, American supermodel and actress
1980 - Cory Gibbs, American soccer player
1980 - Byron Leftwich, American football player
1980 - Sosuke Sumitani, Japanese announcer
1981 - Rosa López, Spanish singer
1982 - Victor Valdes, Spanish goalkeeper
1986 - 50 Pence, International Comedy Rapper
1988 - Mikalah Gordon, American singer

Deaths

1163 - Ladislaus II of Hungary.
1331 - Odoric, Italian explorer
1640 - Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578)
1676 - Francesco Cavalli, Italian composer (b. 1602)
1701 - Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (b. 1628)
1742 - Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)
1753 - George Berkeley, Irish theologian (b. 1685)
1786 - Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)
1788 - François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)
1825 - George Dance the Younger, English architect (b. 1741)
1867 - Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, French painter (b. 1780)
1898 - Lewis Carroll, English writer and mathematician (b. 1832)
1901 - Charles Hermite, French mathematician
1905 - Ernst Abbe, German physicist (b. 1840)
1942 - Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
1949 - Joaquín Turina, Spanish composer (b. 1882)
1957 - Humphrey Bogart, American actor (b. 1899)
1965 - Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (b. 1903)
1966 - Bill Carr, American athlete (b. 1909)
1966 - Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor (b. 1888)
1966 - Sergei Korolev, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1906)
1970 - William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
1972 - King Frederick IX of Denmark (b. 1899)
1977 - Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1897)
1977 - Peter Finch, English-born actor (b. 1916)
1977 - Anaïs Nin, French author (b. 1903)
1978 - Harold Abrahams, British athlete (b. 1899)
1978 - Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (b. 1906)
1978 - Blossom Rock, American actress (b. 1895)
1980 - Robert Ardrey, American author (b. 1908)
1984 - Ray Kroc, American fast food entrepreneur (b. 1902)
1986 - Daniel Balavoine, French singer (b. 1952)
1986 - Donna Reed, American actress (b. 1921)
1988 - Georgi Malenkov, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party (b. 1902)
1990 - Mani Madhava Chakyar, Legendary Koodiyattam artist and Sanskrit scholar (b.1899)
1999 - Bryn Jones, British musician (b. 1961)
2001 - Burkhard Heim, German physicist (b. 1925)
2004 - Uta Hagen, American actress (b. 1919)
2004 - Ron O'Neal, American actor (b. 1937)
2004 - Valfar, Norwegian musician (Windir)
2005 - Charlotte MacLeod, American writer (b. 1922)
2005 - Conroy Maddox, English painter (b. 1912)
2005 - Rudolph Moshammer, German fashion designer (b. 1940)
2005 - Jesús-Rafael Soto, Venezuelan kinetic artist (b. 1923)
2006 - Jim Gary, American artist (b. 1939)
2006 - Shelley Winters, American actress (b. 1920)
2006 - Mark Philo, English footballer (b. 1984)

Events

1301 - Andrew III of Hungary dies, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.
1501 - Martin Luther, 17, enters the University of Erfurt.
1514 - Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.
1539 - Spain annexes Cuba.
1639 - The "Fundamental Orders", the first written constitution that created a government, was adopted in Connecticut.
1690 - The clarinet is invented in Nuremberg, Germany.
1724 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne.
1784 - American Revolutionary War: The United States ratifies a peace treaty with England.
1814 - Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania.
1858 - Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt.
1900 - Giacomo Puccini's opera Tosca premieres in Rome.
1907 - An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.
1939 - Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
1943 - World War II: Roosevelt and Churchill begin Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war.
1943 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel via airplane while in office (Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill to discuss World War II).
1951 - The National Football League has its first Pro Bowl Game (Los Angeles, California).
1952 - The Today Show premieres on NBC.
1954 - Marilyn Monroe weds Joe DiMaggio.
1954 - The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
1963 - George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama.
1969 - An explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 25 people.
1970 - Sato Eisaku is elected to his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.
1972 - Queen Margrethe II of Denmark accends the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
1972 - The TV comedy Sanford & Son (an American import of the British comedy Steptoe and Son) premieres on NBC.
1973 - Super Bowl VII: The Miami Dolphins defeat the Washington Redskins. The Dolphins become the first NFL team to go undefeated in a season.
1975 - Teenage heiress Lesley Whittle is kidnapped by Donald Neilson, aka "the Black Panther".
1978 - Johnny Rotten quits the Sex Pistols after the final show of their American tour, at the Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco.
1984 - Ray Mancini defeats Bobby Chacon by a knockout in three to retain his WBA boxing world Lightweight title in Reno.
1985 - Martina Navratilova wins her 100th tennis tournament.
1993 - David Letterman announces he is moving his television talk show from NBC to CBS.
1994 - U.S. President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign the Kremlin accords.
1996 - Jorge Sampaio is elected president of Portugal.
1998 - Researchers in Dallas, Texas present findings about an enzyme that slows aging and cell death (apoptosis).
1998 - An Afghan cargo plane crashes into a mountain in southwest Pakistan killing more than 50 people.
2000 - A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.
2000 - Sport Club Corinthians Paulista wins Vasco da Gama, on the final match for the FIFA Club World Championship.
2000 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average reached a record high of 11,722.98.
2000 - David Letterman undergoes quintuple heart bypass surgery.
2004 - Goatse.cx is suspended by the Christmas Island Technology Corporation following a massive grassroots movement to close the site forever.
2004 - Amartya Sen steps down as Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.
2004 - The national flag of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag", was restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.
2005 - Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn's moon Titan.

Holidays

New Year's Day in Eastern Orthodoxy, see Julian Calendar.
Makar Sankranti in India. The event is marked by flying kites. Also Pongal in South India.
Feast of Divina Pastora, in Barquisimeto, Venezuela.
Day of St. Basil the Great in Eastern Orthodoxy, January 1 on the Julian Calendar.
Festum Asinorum, medieval burlesque festival celebrating the Flight into Egypt.
     
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