Daily Trivia Facts

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Daily Trivia Facts - February 11

Births

1377 - King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
1380 - Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (d. 1459)
1466 - Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII of England (d. 1503)
1535 - Pope Gregory XIV (d. 1591)
1568 - Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (d. 1625)
1649 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
1657 - Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (d. 1757)
1755 - Albert Christoph Dies, German composer (d. 1822)
1764 - Marie-Joseph de Chenier, French poet (d. 1811)
1774 - Hans Jarta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
1776 - Joannis Capodistrias, Greek governor of Troezen (d. 1836)
1799 - The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (d. 1873)
1800 - William Henry Fox Talbot, English photographer (d. 1877)
1802 - Lydia Child, American novelist and abolitionist (d. 1880)
1812 - Alexander Hamilton Stephens, American Confederate Vice President (d. 1883)
1813 - Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
1819 - Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (d. 1890)
1821 - Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
1830 - Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf, musician (d. 1913)
1833 - Melville Weston Fuller, 8th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1910)
1839 - Josiah Willard Gibbs, American physicist and chemist (d. 1903)
1847 - Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor and businessman (d. 1931)
1860 - Rachilde, French author (d. 1953)
1869 - Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder and patron of the arts (d. 1939)
1869 - Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
1873 - Feodor Chaliapin, Russian singer (d. 1938)
1874 - Fritz Bennicke Hart, English-born composer (d. 1949)
1874 - Elsa Beskow, Swedish author (d. 1953)
1887 - John van Melle, South African writer (d. 1953)
1891 - J.W. Hearne English cricketer (d. 1965)
1894 - Alfonso Leng, Chilean composer (d. 1974)
1898 - Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born physicist and peace activist (d. 1964)
1900 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (d. 2002)
1902 - Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect and designer (d. 1971)
1903 - Hans Redlich, Austrian composer (d. 1968)
1904 - Sir Keith Holyoake, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1983)
1908 - Vivian Ernest Fuchs, English geologist and explorer (d. 1999)
1909 - Max Baer, American boxer and actor (d. 1959)
1909 - Joseph Mankiewicz, American director (d. 1993)
1912 - Roy Fuller, English writer (d. 1991)
1914 - Matt Dennis, American singer
1915 - Patrick Leigh Fermor, English author
1917 - Sidney Sheldon, American author
1919 - Eva Gabor, Hungarian-born actress (d. 1995)
1919 - Eddie Robinson, American football coach
1920 - King Farouk I of Egypt (d. 1965)
1920 - Billy Halop, American actor (d. 1976)
1920 - Daniel "Chappie" James Jr., American general
1920 - Paul Peter Piech, American artist (d. 1996)
1921 - Lloyd Bentsen, American politician (d. 2006)
1925 - Peter Berger, British admiral
1925 - Kim Stanley, American actress (d. 2001)
1926 - Paul Bocuse, French chef
1926 - Alexander Gibson, British conductor
1926 - Leslie Nielsen, Canadian actor
1931 - Larry Merchant, author and boxing commentator
1932 - Jerome Lowenthal, American pianist
1934 - Mel Carnahan, American politician (d. 2000)
1934 - Tina Louise, American actress
1934 - Mary Quant, English fashion designer
1934 - John Surtees, British race car driver
1935 - Gene Vincent, American Rock'n'Roll pioneer (d. 1971)
1935 - Bent Lorentzen, Danish composer
1936 - Burt Reynolds, American actor
1937 - Bill Lawry, Australian cricketer
1938 - Bevan Congdon, New Zealand cricketer
1938 - Simone de Oliveira, portuguese actress and singer.
1938 - Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general and dictator
1939 - Gerry Goffin, American lyricist
1939 - Jane Yolen, American author
1941 - Sergio Mendes, Brazilian musician and songwriter
1953 - Philip Anglim, American actor
1953 - Jeb Bush, American politician
1956 - Catherine Hickland, American actress
1956 - Didier Lockwood, French jazz violinist
1961 - Mary Docter, American speed skater
1961 - Carey Lowell, American actress
1962 - Sheryl Crow, American singer/songwriter, musician
1963 - Diane Franklin, American actress
1964 - Ken Shamrock, American martial artist, professional wrestler and American actor
1967 - Hank Gathers, American basketball player (d. 1990)
1969 - Jennifer Aniston, American actress
1970 - Fredrik Thordendal, Swedish musician (Meshuggah)
1971 - Damian Lewis, British actor
1972 - Brian Daubach, American baseball player
1972 - Craig Jones, American Sampler (Slipknot)
1973 - Varg Vikernes, Norwegian musician (Burzum)
1974 - D'Angelo, American singer
1976 - Brice Beckham, American actor
1977 - Mike Shinoda, American singer (Linkin Park)
1979 - Brandy Norwood, American singer
1980 - Natasha Bobo, American actress
1980 - Matthew Lawrence, American actor
1981 - Kelly Rowland, American singer (Destiny's Child)
1983 - Nicki Clyne, Canadian actress
1985 - William Beckett, American singer (The Academy Is...)

Deaths

641 - Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium
731 - Pope Gregory II
821 - Saint Benedict of Aniane
824 - Pope Paschal I
1141 - Hugo of St. Victor, German philosopher and theologian
1160 - Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
1503 - Elizabeth of York, queen consort of Henry VII of England (b. 1466)
1626 - Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552)
1650 - René Descartes, French philosopher (b. 1596)
1685 - David Teniers III, Flemish painter (b. 1638)
1713 - Jahandar Shah, Mughal emperor of Indai (b. 1664)
1755 - Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)
1762 - Johann Tobias Krebs, German composer (b. 1690)
1763 - William Shenstone, English poet (b. 1714)
1797 - Antoine Dauvergne, French composer (b. 1713)
1829 - Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (b. 1795)
1862 - Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
1868 - Léon Foucault, French astronomer (b. 1819)
1879 - Honoré Daumier, French caricaturist and painter (b. 1808)
1917 - Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
1931 - Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (b. 1854)
1939 - Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
1940 - John Buchan, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1875)
1945 - Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (b. 1891)
1948 - Sergei Eisenstein, Latvian film director (b. 1898)
1959 - Marshall Teague, American race car driver (b. 1922)
1960 - Ernst von Dohnanyi, Hungarian conductor (b. 1877)
1963 - Sylvia Plath, American writer (b. 1932)
1968 - Howard Lindsay, American playwright (b. 1888)
1972 - Jan Wils, Dutch architect (b. 1891)
1973 - Hans D Jensen, German physicist, Nobel Prize physicist (b. 1907)
1975 - Richard Ratsimandrava, Malagasy soldier and statesman, assasinated (b. 1931)
1976 - Lee J Cobb, American actor (b. 1911)
1976 - Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (b. 1894)
1977 - Louis Beel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1902)
1978 - James B Conant, American chemist and university president (b. 1893)
1978 - Harry Martinson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
1982 - Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (b. 1912)
1982 - Takashi Shimura, Japanese actor (b. 1905)
1985 - Ben Abruzzo, American businessman and balloonist (b. 1930)
1985 - Henry Hathaway, American actor and director (b. 1898)
1985 - Heinz Eric Roemheld, American composer (b. 1901)
1986 - Frank Herbert, American author (b. 1920)
1987 - Sadequain, famous Pakistani painter and artist. (b. 1930)
1989 - George O'Hanlon, American actor and director (b. 1912)
1991 - Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1922)
1994 - Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (b. 1946)
1994 - Sorrell Booke, American actor (b. 1930)
1994 - William Conrad, American actor (b. 1920)
1996 - Kebby Musokotwane, Prime Minister of Zambia (b. 1946)
1996 - Cyril Poole, English cricketer (b. 1921)
1996 - Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet (b. 1930)
1997 - Barry Evans, English actor (b. 1943)
1997 - Don Porter, American actor (b. 1912)
2000 - Roger Vadim, French director (b. 1928)
2002 - Frank Crosetti, baseball player (b. 1910)
2002 - Barry Foster, British actor (b. 1931)
2004 - Shirley Strickland, Australain athlete
2005 - Jack L. Chalker, American author (b. 1944)
2006 - Jockey Shabalala, South African singer

Events

660 BC - Traditional founding date of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.
731 - Gregory II ends his reign as Pope.
824 - Paschal I ends his reign as Pope.
1531 - Henry VIII of England recognized as supreme head of the Church of England.
1752 - Pennsylvania Hospital, 1st hospital in the United States, opens.
1790 - Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitions U.S. Congress for abolition of slavery. It failed.
1794 - First session of United States Senate open to the public.
1808 - Anthracite coal first burned as fuel, experimentally.
1809 - Robert Fulton patents the steamboat
1812 - Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry gerrymanders for the first time.
1814 - Norway's independence is proclaimed, marking the ultimate end of the Kalmar Union.
1826 - University College London is founded under the name University of London.
1837 - American Physiological Society organizes in Boston, Massachusetts.
1840 - Gaetano Donizetti's opera La Fille du Régiment receives its first performance in Paris.
1843 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi receives its first performance in Milan.
1855 - Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.
1858 - The Blessed Virgin Mary reputedly appears to Saint Bernadette Soubirous of Lourdes.
1861 - American Civil War: United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
1873 - King Amadeus I of Spain abdicates.
1889 - Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet of Japan convenes in 1890.
1895 - The lowest ever UK temperature of -27.2°C was recorded at Braemar in Aberdeenshire. This record was equalled on 10 January 1982 and again on 30 December 1995.
1902 - Police assault universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels.
1903 - Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna.
1905 - Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer nos.
1908 - Australia regain the Ashes with a 308 run cricket victory over England.
1916 - Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control.
1919 - Friedrich Ebert (SPD), elected President of Germany.
1929 - Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty.
1937 - A sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers Union.
1938 - BBC Television produces the world's first ever science fiction television programme, an adaptation of a section of the Karel Capek play R.U.R. (The play which coined the term "robot").
1941 - First Gold record presented to Glenn Miller for "Chattanooga Choo Choo".
1943 - General Dwight Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
1948 - John Costello succeeds Éamon de Valera as Taoiseach of Ireland.
1953 - President Dwight Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
1953 - The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.
1961 - Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem.
1963 - The Beatles tape 10 tracks for their first album, including "Please, Please Me".
1964 - At the Washington, DC Coliseum, The Beatles have their 1st live appearance in the United States.
1964 - Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.
1964 - The Republic of China (Taiwan) breaks off diplomatic relations with France.
1968 - Israeli-Jordanian border clashes.
1971 - US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons in international waters.
1973 - Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place.
1978 - Censorship: China lifts a ban on works by Aristotle, Shakespeare and Dickens.
1979 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini seizes power in Iran.
1981 - 100,000 gallons (380 m³) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating 8 workers.
1987 - Philippines constitution goes into effect.
1990 - Nelson Mandela, a political prisoner for 27 years, is freed from Victor Verster prison outside Cape Town, South Africa.
1991 - UNPO, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, forms in The Hague, Netherlands.
1999 - Pluto, a planet with an irregular orbit, changes from the eighth to ninth planet furthest from the sun. It had been the eighth furthest since 1979.
2006 - Michelle Bachelet inaugurated as first woman president of Chile.

Holidays

Catholicism - Feast day of Our Lady of Lourdes.
World Day of the Sick.
National Foundation Day in Japan (See Holidays of Japan.)
National Youth Day in Cameroon.
Professor Leets' Day in the United States.
National Inventors' Day in the United States.
     
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